‘Agni’ – Understanding ‘Agni’ Part 3 – Types of Agni

In the previous parts we have learnt about the Bahya Agni – The external fire or Macro-fire & Antaragni or Abhyantra Agni – The Internal Fire or Micro-Fire {Metabolic fire, Jatharagni, Kayagni}

Read Part-1 here

Read Part-2 here

In this part we shall learn about different types of Agni.

Types of Agni

विविधमशितं पीतं लीढं खादितं जन्तोर्हितमन्तरग्निसंधिक्षितबलेन यथास्वेनोष्मणा सम्यग्विपच्यमानं कालवदनवस्थितसर्वधातुपाकमनुपहतसर्वधातूष्ममारुतस्रोतः केवलं शरीरमुपचयबलवर्णसुखायुषा योजयति, शरीरधातूनूर्जयति। धातवो हि धात्वाहाराः प्रकृतिमनुवर्तन्ते॥{च.सं.सू.२८/३}

भौमाप्याग्नेयतायव्याः पञ्चोष्मणः सनाभसाः।

पञ्चाहारगुणान् स्वान्स्वान् पार्थिवादीन् पचन्ति हि॥{च.चि.१५/१३}

यथास्वेनोष्मणा पाकं शारीरा यान्ति धातवः।

स्रोतसां च यथास्वेन धातुः पुष्यति धातुतः॥{च.चि.९/३९}

सप्तभिर्देहधातरो धातवो द्विविध पुनः।

यथास्वमग्निभिः पाकं यान्ति किट्टप्रसादवत्॥{च.चि.१५/१५}

इति बौतिकधात्वन्नपक्तृणां कर्म भाषितम्॥ {च.चि.१५/३८}

 Agni is of 13 types and is classified as:

Jataragni / Jatharagni / Kayagni – This is the Prime fire located in the Stomach and Duodenal part of the Small Intestine {Amashaya and Grahani respectively}. This is the major fire and is represented by Pachaka Pitta or Pachakagni in the belly.

Function:

  • This fire in its state of normalcy digests all types of food and drinks consumed by us. The food we take is the fuel for this fire and should be provided on a regular basis keeping in view the time, quality and quantity of food to keep it intact and healthy. This Agni or Pitta being located in its own place – supports, nurtures and governs the other fires (subtypes of Pitta) in the body. Each cell or tissue is said to have its own Agni which takes part in the local metabolism and formation of tissues. These Micro-fires and their health are dependent on how healthy the belly fire is!!

When disturbed:

  • When this fire is disturbed it becomes the cause of various systemic diseases starting with anorexia and indigestion. Deficit Agni and Excess Agni, both are harmful. The other smaller fires present all over the body are also disturbed and causes morbidity at the cellular level leading to tissue burnouts and storage of toxins. This leads to serious illness which may get out of control from the control of effective management.

Bhutagni’s or the fire of 5 basic elements of nature (one in each element):

They are 5 in number, 1 fire in each element and are named accordingly. They are as said below:

  • Bhoumagni – Fire of Earth element
  • Apya Agni – Fire of the Water element
  • Taijasa Agni – Fire of the Fire element
  • Vayavya Agni – Fire of the Wind element
  • Naabhasa / Akasheeya Agni – Fire of the Ether element / Space element

The food which we take comprises of the 5 basic elements of nature which compensate their counterparts in the body (The body is also made of Pancha Mahabhuta’s or 5 basic elements mentioned above). Example: The Parthiva amsha (Earth part or solid part of the food) of the food after getting digested by the Jataragni (Gut fire) further gets digested and micro-processed by the Bhoumagni or Parthivagni located in the tissues. After this micro-processing the Parthiva amsha of the food nourishes the Parthiva guna’s of those dhatus (tissues), srotas (channels or transport systems of the body which are again formed by the tissues) and the whole body.

The same process takes place wrt Apya amsha, Taijasa amsha, Vayavya amsha and Nabhasa amsha. Firstly they are digested by the Jataragni. Later their minute parts reach the tissues and in the tissues they are acted upon by their respective Bhutagni’s. The processed parts of food further nourish the tissues, channels and the body.

Functions:

  • When in normal condition, the Bhutagni’s digest and micro-process the minute fractions of food supplied to them after the action and digestion of Jataragni on all types of food that we consume. Each Bhutagni acts on the fractions of food which are concerned to them. The overall effect of the Bhutagni’s on the food at the cellular / tissue level converts them into nutritive components which nourish the tissues, channels of the body, Vayu, heat and the body as a whole. The food thus digested properly, flow in the channels of the body uninterruptedly and nourish all the tissues apart from providing Upachaya (tissue building), Bala (Strength, endurance, immunity), Varna (Colour and complexion), Sukha (Happiness, saturation, health) and Ayush (good and extended life span).

When Disturbed:

  • When the Bhutagni’s get vitiated (deficit or excess) the above said benefits are not obtained. The micro-processing of the food doesn’t take place leading to depletion and subsequent contamination of the tissues with stagnant toxins. This forms an ideal environment for the disease process.

Dhatvagni’s: The Tissue Fire’s

According to Ayurveda, there are 7 Dhatu’s or tissues. Each tissue or dhatu consists of its own Agni or fire. They are called Dhatvagni’s or Tissue fire. They are 7 in number and are as mentioned below –

  • Rasagni – Fire of Rasa Dhatu (Lymph, Chyle, Essence of the food, Plasma)
  • Raktagni – Fire of Rakta Dhatu (Blood)
  • Mamsagni – Fire of Mamsa Dhatu (Flesh, Muscle)
  • Medagni – Fire of Meda Dhatu (Fat, Adipose)
  • Asthyagni – Fire of Asthi Dhatu (Bone)
  • Majjagni – Fire of Majja DHatu (Bone Marrow)
  • Shukragni – Fire of Shukra Dhatu (Semen, Reproductive fluid)

In the Dhatu’s while the Bhutagni’s are involved in digesting and micro-processing the fractions of food which are confined to them, Dhatvagni’s are involved in utilizing the food portions in a different way.

With the help of self generated heat, the Dhatvagni’s digest and process themselves in a process called Dhatvagni and also on the fractions provided after the action of Bhutagni’s. This process leads to the formation of 2 fractions i.e. Sara Bhaga or Prasada Bhaga (Nutrient part) and Kitta Bhaga (Tissue Wastes).

The Prasada Bhaga once again gets divided into 3 fragments. The first portion forms the Sthanika Dhatu (Local tissue) or nourishes it. The second portion forms the Poshaka Dhatu (The supporting tissue or tissue responsible in the formation of its subsequent dhatu). The third portion helps in the formation of Upadhatu’s (sub-tissues).

The Kitta Bhaga gets eliminated as tissue wastes and is finally eliminated from the body after joining the main metabolic wastes of digestion.

During Dhatupaka process heat and energy is liberated

Functions:

  • Dhatvagni when in normal condition helps in the formation of tissues and takes part in their nourishment and maintenance. It also helps in the formation of Upadhatu’s, heat and energy and causes elimination of tissue toxins

When Disturbed:

  • When Dhatvagni’s get diminished or get sluggish (weak), the dhatu’s accumulate along with toxins and cause pathological increase in the Dhatu’s. When the Dhatvagni’s get increased (vitiated, aggravated), the Dhatu’s are burnt and undergo deterioration or get destroyed. Both these conditions lead to the formation of various diseases. Moreover the tissue toxins are not eliminated, the Upadhatu’s are not properly formed, the consequent tissues are not properly formed and thus the immunity and strength get decreased making one susceptible for a wide array of health issues.

Types of Pitta and related Agni:

We have already learnt that Agni is represented in the body in the form of Pitta. We also know that Pitta and Agni are not different entities. Pitta is of 5 types. Thus the related Agni also is of 5 types and will follow the name of the Pitta. They are as mentioned below –

  • Pachaka Pitta or Pachakagni – The fire in the form of Pachaka Pitta which is located in Grahani (Stomach / Duodenum) – Primarily takes part in the digestion of food and controls the other subtypes of Pitta (mentioned below)
  • Ranjaka Pitta or Ranjakagni – The Pitta or fire located in Yakrit (Liver) and Pleeha / Pliha (Spleen) – Takes part in Haematopoiesis, imparts colour to the blood
  • Bhrajaka Pitta or Bhrajakagni – The Pitta or fire located in the skin, imparts colour and complexion
  • Alochaka Pitta or Alochakagni – The Pitta or Fire located in the eyes, Takes part in processing vision
  • Sadhaka Pitta or Sadhakagni – The Pitta or fire located in Hridaya. Hridaya taken as Heart – The agni takes part in circulation process, Hridaya taken as Brain – The Agni takes maintains the brain functions and also higher skills, intelligence, emotions, decision making capacity, memory, etc

Agni or Fire is the basis and secret of our physical, mental, sensual and spiritual health. Therefore Keep the Fire intact and healthy.  

Pictures courtesy (with thanks):

http://www.peace-matters.com/blog-native/2015/9/3/the-fire

http://www.cureyourownallergiesinminutes.com/You-May-Have-Hidden-Allergies-2.html

Dr Raghuram Y.S.

MD (Ay), Ayurvedic Rheumatology

Consultant Ayurvedic Physician

Speciality: Joint and Spine care

Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Ph: +91-9480071422

Email: drraghuramys@gmail.com

‘Agni’ – Understanding ‘Agni’ Part 2 – Abhyantara Agni, Its site, Functions, Normal and Abnormal aspects, Relationship with Pitta

In the previous part we have learnt about the Bahya Agni – The external fire or Macro-fire.

Read Part-1 here

In this part we shall learn about another type of Fire i.e. Antaragni or Abhyantra Agni – The internal fire or Micro-fire. The later represents the Bahya Agni inside our body and does almost all the same functions of the external fire.

According to Ayurveda this is the AGNI which is responsible for digestion, metabolism, intelligence, colour, complexion and all life activities in normalcy and for manifestation of diseases when it gets disturbed and death when it ceases. We shall study about it in detail.

In which form does Agni exist in the body?

न खलु पित्तव्यतिरेकादन्योऽग्निरुपलभ्यते।{सु.सू.२१/९}

तस्मात् तेजोमयं पित्तं पित्तोष्मा यः स पक्तिमान्॥{भोज}

अग्निरेव पित्तन्तर्गतः कुपिताकुपितः शुभाशुभानि करोति।{च.सू.१२/२१}

AGNI or fire is located in the body in the form of PITTA or is located within Pitta. The functions of the fire and Pitta are alike.

When this Pitta is balanced and is not contaminated, it is beneficial for the body and mind, all the functions of the body like segregation, digestion, absorption, assimilation, conversion of food into body elements and tissues and elimination of toxins and wastes from the body takes place in an undisturbed way.

Strength, Colour, Complexion, Immunity, Nourishment, Enthusiasm, Intelligence and many other factors depend on normalcy of Pitta and Agni located within it.

When the same Pitta gets contaminated it can lead to untoward consequences, disturbed health, metabolism and immunity and also death. Morbid Pitta can be manifested in an increased (Vriddhi / Prakopa) or decreased (Kshaya) form in terms of quality and quantity.

Acharya Sushruta has declared that ‘We can’t find any other Agni or fire in the body other than Pitta’

This substantiates and clears all confusions.

‘Agni in the body prevails in the form of Pitta’

What is the site of Agni?

विसर्गादानविक्षेपैः सोमसूर्यानिला यथा।

धारयन्ति जगद्देहं कफपित्तानिलास्तथा॥{सु.सू.२१/८}

The Moon (being cool) does the function of Visarga – providing energy and vitality to the World. Kapha represents Moon in the body and does the work of giving, i.e it acts as a building block and constructive element, gives energy, strength and immunity.

The Sun (being hot) does the function of Adana – Squeezing off the strength, energy and nutrients from all life due to his heat. Pitta represents SUN in the body and does the work of taking, i.e. it acts as elimination, extracting and squeezing agent. Thus it balances Kapha by squeezing of excess fluidity and its stagnation caused by Kapha.

The Wind does the function of Vikshepa – Distribution of elements of both cold and heat all over. Vata or Vayu represents the Wind in the body and distributes heat and cold all over the body apart from distribution of various elements needed for construction & maintenance and also helps in elimination of unwanted things.

Thus Kapha, Pitta and Vata addressed as Dosha’s represent a mini cosmos in the body. This explanation also points towards the Doshas being all-pervading.

Speaking about Agni and its site, Agni – as already discussed is represented in the body in the form of Pitta. Since Pitta is all-pervading it is also understood that Agni present in the Pitta is also all-pervading. Thus Pitta and its subtypes are present all over the body.

स्वस्थानस्थस्य कायग्नेरंशा धातुषु संस्थिताः।

तेषां सादातिदीप्ताभ्यां धातुवृद्धिक्षयोद्भवः॥{अ.हृ.सू.११/२४}

According to Acharya Vagbhata, A small part of Kayagni (Gut Fire) is represented in all the Dhatus (tissues and all cells included in those tissues, i.e. all the cells of the body). Thus Agni is present in each and every cell of the body. This Agni is called Datvagni (Tissue fire). The increase of Dhatvagni leads to the burn-out and resulting depletion of tissues (Dhatu Kshaya). The decrease of Dhatvagni leads to accumulation and increase of the tissues (Dhatu Vriddhi). The Kayagni or Jatharagni being located in its place (Svasthana – Gut) governs and maintains all these Micro-Agni’s located in the tissue.

Site and Function of Kayagni / Jataragni /Jatharagni

स्वस्थानं कायग्नेः पक्वामाशययोर्मध्यम्। {अरुणदत्त}

SvasthanaArunadatta in his commentary further clarifies the meaning of Svasthana of Kayagni. He tells that the site of manifestation or dwelling for Kayagni is at a place in between Pakvashaya (Large Intestine) and Amashaya (Stomach). Thus the site of Kayagni or Jatharagni is Grahani (Duodenum, First part of Small Intestine) or Ksuhdrantra (Small Intestine as a whole)

 तच्चादृष्टहेतुकेन विशेषेण पक्वामशयमध्यस्थं पित्तं चतुर्विधमन्नपानं पचति विवेचयति च दोषरसमूत्रपुरीषाणि।

तत्रस्थमेव चात्मशक्त्या शेषाणां पित्तस्थानानां शरीरस्य चाग्निकर्मणाऽनुग्रहं करोति, तस्मिन् पित्ते पाचकोऽग्निरिति संज्ञा॥{सु.सू.२१/१०}

पक्वामशयमध्यस्थमिति नाभिस्थानम्।{डल्हण}

The Pitta located between Pakvashaya (Large Intestine) and Amashaya (Stomach) is also called Pachakagni (Digestive fire). Being located here the Pitta takes part in the digestion of all the 4 types of food which we consume i.e. Ashita (Chewable), Khadita (Swallowable), Peeta (Drinkable) & Leeda (Lickable). It also segregates Dosha’s, Rasa (essence of food), Mutra (Urine) and Pureesha (Stools / Faeces) from the food (i.e. helps in the formation of Dosha’s, Rasa, Mutra and Pureesha from the food).

Being situated in its place this pitta (agni) nourishes and controls other Pitta’s / Agni’s (Sub-Pitta’s – Bhrajaka, Ranjaka, Sadhaka and Alochaka), Pitta Sthana’s (Sites of Sub-Pitta’s) and the body as a whole by its Agni-Karma (Fiery or hot potency and property)

Acharya Dalhana gives a clarification regarding the site between Pakvashaya and Amashaya and tells that it is Nabhi Sthana (Navel region)

AGNI and Physiology (Normal Agni) – Importance of Kayagni or Jataragni

बलमारोग्यमायुश्च प्राणास्चाग्नौ प्रतिष्ठिताः॥ {च.सू.२७/३२}

अग्नौ प्रतिष्ठिता इति अग्न्याधीनाः। प्राणा रति वायवः। {चक्र}

आयुर्वर्णो बलं स्वास्थ्यमुत्साहोपचयौ प्रभा।

ओजस्तेजोऽग्नयः प्राणाश्चोक्ता देहाग्निहेतुकाः॥

शान्तेग्नौ म्रियते युक्ते चिरं जीवत्यनाअमयः।

रोगी स्याद्विकृते मूलमग्निस्तस्मान्निरुच्यते॥

यदन्नं देहधात्वोजोबलवर्णादि पोषकम्।

तत्राग्निर्हेतुराहारान्न ह्यपक्वाद्रसादयः॥ {च.चि.१५/३-४}

Agni in its state of normalcy is said to provide the following benefits:

Bala – Strength and immunity

Arogya / Swasthya – State of good health

Ayu – Prolonged life span

Prana – Life / Supports Pranadi Vayu’s i.e. Prana Vayu and other Subtypes of Vayu (Prana Vayu, Udana Vayu, Samana Vayu, Vyana Vayu, Apana Vayu) and keeps them functioning normally

Varna – Colour and complexion

Utsaha – Enthusiasm

Upachaya – Nourishment, growth,

Prabha – Reflection / Grace

Oja – Essence of nutrition / Immune complexes

Teja – Warmth and Heat, Metabolism

Agni and Pathology

Why Agni should be preserved, protected and conserved?

शान्तेग्नौ म्रियते युक्ते चिरं जीवत्यनाअमयः।

रोगी स्याद्विकृते मूलमग्निस्तस्मान्निरुच्यते॥ {च.चि.१५}

शमप्रकोपौ दोषाणां सर्वेषामग्निसंश्रितौ।

तस्मादग्निं सदा रक्षेन्निदानानि च वर्जयेत्॥ {च.चि.५/१३६}

रोगाः सर्वेऽपि मदेऽग्नौ सुतरामुदराणि तु। {अ.हृ.नि.१२/१}

Agni’s – Well being and functioning of other Agni’s distributed over the body

Agni is said to be the Mula (Root) of our being, the root of our life, body, mind and senses.

When this Agni diminishes or gets destroyed in totality or gets cooled (put off), the life comes to an end with inevitable death.

When the same Agni is in a normal condition it supports life unconditionally. With a normally functioning Agni one can enjoy an extended life span devoid of illness or disease.

When this Agni gets morbid or contaminated (disturbed) it becomes a cause for many diseases.

It is also said that all the diseases have their origin in the morbid Agni i.e. a disturbed Agni is the chief culprit in the causation of all psychosomatic diseases. We know that the morbid Dosha’s cause diseases by attacking and disturbing the normalcy of body’s tissues which are the mainstays of defence, immunity and maintenance of health. The morbidity of these Dosha’s in the form of a pathological increase or decrease always depends on the status of Agni. If the Agni is functioning normally, the Dosha’s also remain in an undisturbed form and support our body, mind and life.

In this section we have seen the nature and function of the Abhyantara Agni (Internal fire or fire in the body). We have also discussed the site of Agni, its functions, normal and abnormal behaviour of Agni and the relationship between Agni and Pitta

In the next section we shall discuss about the types of Agni and the importance of securing Agni

Until then keep the FIRE intact…

Coming Up: Understanding ‘Agni’ Part 3 – Types of Agni

Pictures courtesy (with thanks):

Fire In The Belly Meditation

The Brain and Gut Connection – Linked to Alzheimer’s Disease

Improve Your Digestive System – Balance Agni

http://www.elvtd.com/elevation/p/the-solar-plexus-chakra

Dr Raghuram Y.S.

MD (Ay), Ayurvedic Rheumatology

Consultant Ayurvedic Physician

Speciality: Joint and Spine care

Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Ph: +91-9480071422

Email: drraghuramys@gmail.com

Understanding ‘Agni’ – Everything About Agni, Concept, Definition, Functions, Types – Part 1

Agni – Basically the meaning of Agni is FIRE. Fire is a basic essential of life and has been a proof of our evolution and a source of lot of innovations through ages. Even today much of our life activities depend on fire and its utility in one or the other form.

As a whole, the human body too needs fire for the mechanisms of life to keep going and the life element depends on the quality and quantity of fire located in the system. There is an activity in each and every cell and according to Ayurveda this activity is more or less dependent on the fire, its quality and quantity in each of these cells.

Broadly there are 2 types of Agni in our body which is once again sub-classified into 13 types. The broad types are:

Macro-Fire or Jataragni – It is the governing fire and is independent. It is located in the stomach or gut and operates the other Agni’s from its site of origin.

Micro-Fire or the Sub-agni’s – They include the Bhutagni’s (structural or anatomical fire related to Pancha Mahabhuta’s or 5 basic elements of creation responsible for our physical being) & Dhatvagni’s (functional or physiological fire related to the 7 dhatu’s or tissues of the body and denotes regular operations taking place at the cellular level). These micro-fire’s are dependent on the quality and quantity and normalcy of the macro-fire.

We shall discuss them in detail in the future write-ups.

Now let us get into the basics and begin from the beginning.

Synonyms:

  • Tejas / Teja / Tejo Bhuta / Tejo Mahabhuta / Tejo Mahabhoota
  • Vahni / Vanhi
  • Agni Tatva
  • Shikhi
  • Anala

Discussion:

In this session we shall discuss about the Agni with respect to 2 perspectives –

  • Agni in nature
  • Agni in body

AGNI IN NATURE:

How is Agni created?

वायोरज्निः। {तैत्तरीय उपनिषद्}

According to Taittareeya Upanishad the Agni or Fire is created from Vayu or Wind (Air). Vayu has Gati (movements) and we have seen that movements can produce heat or fire. This is to tell that movements create heat or fire. When we rub 2 things against each other we cause movement or friction and this in turn produces heat or fire. Ex. Rubbing hands against each other. The more the rub or friction, the more is the heat or fire produced.

Practically wind or air has large amounts of oxygen and hydrogen gases both of which take part in combustion and thus in production of fire. We can tell that the fire (tendency to ignite fire or produce combustion) naturally exists within the air or wind in a latent form which gets manifest when there is gati.

Properties of Teja or Agni

तेज रूप स्पर्शवत्। {वै.द.२/१/३१}

Teja or Agni has the properties of Roopa (Sight, Vision) and Sparsha (Touch)

Anything which possesses the property of Roopa and Sparsha is said to be Agni or possess Agni or Teja in them.

तेजसः उष्णता। {वै.द.२/२/४}

The sign of (existence) of Teja or Agni Tatva (Fire factor) is the presence of Ushnata (Heat) i.e. Heat explains the presence of fire. The Ushnata is naturally present in Agni. Thus when we experience heat on touch we immediately imagine or get the knowledge of fire.

उष्णं स्पर्शस्तेजसस्तु स्याद्रूपं शुक्लभास्वरम्।

नैमित्तिकं द्रवत्वं च नित्यतादि च पूर्ववत्॥

इन्द्रियं नयनं वह्निः स्वर्णादि विषयो मतः। {मुक्तावली}

Sparsha (Touch) – Ushna (Hot)

Roopa (Form) – Bhasvara Shukla (Glittering white)

Naimittika Guna (Basic property) – Dravatva (Liquidity / Fluidity)

Bheda (Types) – Nitya and Anitya

Indriya (Sense organ related) – Nayanam (Organ of sight, Eye)

Vishaya (Subject) – Suvarna ityadi (Gold etc)

अग्निर्यथैको भुवनं प्रविष्टो रूपं रूपं प्रतिरूपो बभूव।

Agni is a single entity but it is submerged in almost everything in the world. It obtains the form of the object in which it is located. This proves that AGNI is all-prevailing.

समवायसम्बन्धेन उष्णस्पर्शत्त्वं तेजस्त्वम्।

That which consists of Ushna Sparsha (hot touch or heat) related in Samavaya Sambandha (inseparable relationship) is called Teja or Agni. The fire consists of 2 principle characters / properties – Roopa (form) and Sparsha (Touch)

रूपस्पर्शसंख्यापरिमाणपृथक्त्वसंयोगविभागपरत्वापरत्वद्रवत्वसंस्कारवत्।

पूर्ववदेषां सिद्धिः॥

तत्र शुक्लं भास्वरं च रूपम्।

उष्ण एव स्पर्श। {प्रशस्तपाद}

According to Prashastapada – the 11 properties (characteristic features) of Agni are:

  • Roopa – Form / Vision / Sight
  • Sparsha – Touch
  • Samkhya – Number
  • Parimaana – Quantity
  • Pruthaktva – Isolation
  • Samyoga – Unification
  • Vibhaga – Separation
  • Paratva – Dependent
  • Aparatva – Independent
  • Dravatva – Liquidity / Fluidity
  • Samskara – Transformation / Processing

Its Roopa (form) – Shukla Bhasvara (Glittering White)

Its Sparsha (Touch) – Ushna (Hot / Heat)

Types of AGNI        

उष्णस्पर्शवत् तेजः।तच्च द्विविधं – नित्यमनित्यं च। नित्यं परमाणुरूपम्। अनित्यं कार्य्यरूपम्। पुनस्त्रिविधं शरीरेन्द्रियविषयभेदात्। शरीरमादित्यलोके प्रसिद्धम्। इन्द्रियं रूपग्राहकं चक्षुः कृष्णताराग्रवर्ति। विषयश्चतुर्विधो भौमदिव्योदर्याकरजभेदात्। भौमं वह्न्यादिकम्। अबिन्धनं दिव्यं विध्युदादि। भक्तस्य परिणामहेतुरुदर्यम्। आकरजं सुवर्णादि। {तर्कसंग्रह}

That which has an Ushnasparsha (Hot touch) or that which is hot on touch is called Agni or Teja.

Teja or Agni is of 2 types:

  • Nitya – This is of Paramanu Roopa (Micro or atomic form)
  • Anitya – This is of Karya Roopa (Functional form)

Types of Anitya Teja / Agni

Anitya Teja or Anitya Agni is of 3 types:

Tejo Shareera:

  • Tejo Shareera (Body of the Fire) is always located in the Adityaloka (Solar world or region) in a highly illuminated and bright form i.e. The body of the Fire is located in the core of the Sun

SUN

Tejo Indriya:

  • Tejo Indriya (Sense of the Fire) is located in the form of Chakshurindriya (Eye) which perceives the sense of vision or sight i.e. The sense (sense organ) of Fire is the organ of Sight i.e. Eye (its functional part)

Tejo Vishaya:

Tejo Vishaya (Subject of Teja / Agni) is again subdivided into 4 parts.

  • Bhauma Teja – That fire which is present on / in Earth. This fire takes its origin from the Earth. Here the sources of fire like wood etc and the fire which erupts from the core of the Earth viz Volcanoes can be considered as Bhauma Agni

  • Divya Teja – Fire which takes place from the water or is present in the water in the latent form. Example electricity

  • Udarya Teja – The fire which is located in the stomach and digests the food which we consume

  • Aakaraja Teja – The fire which is present in the objects with glitter. Example – Minerals like Gold, Silver etc.

Agnyatmaka Angam (Organs / Components of body and mind related to Fire):

अग्न्यात्मकं रूपं दर्शनं प्रकाशः पंक्तिरौष्ण्यं च।{च.शा.४/१२}

तेजसास्तु रूपं रूपेन्द्रियं वर्णः सन्तापो भ्राजिष्णुता पंक्तिरमर्षस्तैक्ष्ण्यं शौर्यञ्च॥{सु.शा.१/२०}

  • Roopa (Lavanya) – Vision (Sight) / Beauty / Attraction
  • Darshana / Roopendriya – Organ of Sight (Eye)
  • Prakasha / Deepti / Bhrajishnuta – Brightness, Glow, Light
  • Pankti / Paripaka – Digestion
  • Oushnya / Paritapa / Santapa – Heat
  • Varna – Colour and complexion
  • Amarsha / Krodha – Anger
  • Taikshnyam / Ashukriya – Quick action, Intense
  • Shourya – Courage

In this section we have seen the nature and function of the Bahya Agni {External fire or fire in nature}. At some places during the classification of fire we have also touched upon the aspects of fire which are governing the body and mind i.e. Abhyantara Agni (Internal fire or fire in the body). We shall discuss the 2nd part of the fire related to the body and mind in the next part of this article.

Until then keep the FIRE intact…

Pictures courtesy (with thanks):

http://www.peace-matters.com/blog-native/2015/9/3/the-fire

http://www.wall321.com/Nature/Landscapes/landscapes_fire_aurora_1920x1080_wallpaper_35609

http://wallpoper.com/wallpaper/golden-wave-wallpaper-other-nature-431147

Afterburn effect

http://luxpresso.com/news-couture/do-indians-know-more-about-gold/7700

Looking Fire in the Eye

https://www.plt.org/newsletter-the-nature-of-fire

http://wallpaperus.org/nature-wood-2592×1944-wallpaper-1635810/

http://eng.hebus.com/image-288710.html

Coming Up: Understanding ‘Agni’ – Everything About Agni, Concept, Definition, Functions, Types – Part 2

Dr Raghuram Y.S.

MD (Ay), Ayurvedic Rheumatology

Consultant Ayurvedic Physician

Speciality: Joint and Spine care

Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Ph: +91-9480071422

Email: drraghuramys@gmail.com

Ksheerabala (Kshirabala) Tailam – Magical remedy for Vata Vyadhi, Pakshaghata (Paralysis / Hemiplegia / Paraplegia), Ardita (Facial Paralysis), Sandhigata Vata (Osteoarthritis), Katishoola (Lumbago)

Ksheerabala Tailam / Kshirabala Tailam:

Ksheerabala Tailam / Kshirabala Tailam is a very popular herbal medicine available in the form of medicated oil used for both internal as well as external application. It is successfully used in the treatment of all the Vata Vyadhi’s including Pakshaghata / Pakshavadha (Paralysis / Hemiplegia / Paraplegia), Ardita (Facial Paralysis / Bells Palsy), Sandhigata Vata (Osteoarthritis), Katishoola / Katigraha (Low back pain / Low back discomfort / Lumbago) and many other wide array of problems.

Ksheerabala Tailam / Kshirabala Tailam

The name Ksheerabala Tailam / Kshirabala Tailam points out towards the chief ingredients of the medicament i.e. Ksheera (Milk), Bala (Roots of Sida cordifolia) and Tailam (Sesamum or Gingely Oil  

Ref: Ashtanga Hridayam

Ingredients:

  • Bala Moola / Balamula – Roots of Sida cordifolia
  • Tailam – Oil of Sesamum indicum
  • Ksheera – Milk (Cow milk)

Available form:

  • Tailam – Medicated oil

Avrutti / Avarti –

Other than the regular oil for External application Ksheerabala Tailam / Kshirabala Tailam is also available in various potencies. They are called Avarti or Avrutti. The number opposite to Ksheerabala Tailam / Kshirabala Tailam indicates the number of times the oil is fortified or processed. The more the fortification number against the name of the oil, the more effective it is in eradicating the diseases and disorders. The Avarti’s available are 3, 7, 14, 21, 41, 101.

Usage:

  • Internal and External application

Dose:

  • Abhyantara Snehana (Internal medication) – For Nitya Sneha Pana / Shamana Sneha (Daily consumption in metered doses) in Chronic Rheumatism and Chronic Vata Vyadhi’s or when the strength of the patient is more – 5-30ml 2-3 times per day or as advised by the doctor {The dose will be much higher and is increased in a step up pattern in case of Shodana Sneha – Given before cleansing measures}. For this the higher potencies of Tailam should be used. Potencies less than 7 Avrutti (7 times fortified) should not be used for internal consumption
  • Prakshepa Sneha – Used as adjuvant in certain Neurological diseases – 15-120 drops or as directed. These are used admixed in prescribed Kashaya’s or Milk. Ksheerabala Tailam 101 (processed and fortified for 101 times) – 10-60 drops for intake mixed in Kashayam or Milk {Used for Nasya too}
  • Nasya – Nasal installation of Tailam – For diseases of face, head, neck, shoulders, and diseases above the region of neck (eye, ear, nose, oral disorders) – 6-10 drops
  • Vasti / Basti {Medicated enema} – 25 to 100ml or as directed
  • Bahya Sneha {External application} – Ksheerabala Tailam is used for Abhyanga {Massage}, Kaya Seka / Sarvanga Dhara {Streamed pouring over the body}, Shiro Abhyanga {Head Massage}, Shiro Pichu {Keeping a cotton piece or a cloth piece dipped in medicated oil over the scalp and tying it in position}, Shirovasti / Shirobasti {Oil pooling over the head, in a leather cap} etc. Dose – As required

Indications:

  • Vata Vyadhi’s – Acute and Chronic Neuromuscular and Musculoskeletal disorders / Rheumatism / Neuralgia / Upper and Lower Motor Neuron Disorders
  • Pakshaghata / Pakshavadha (Paralysis / Hemiplegia / Paraplegia)
  • Ardita (Facial Paralysis / Bells Palsy)
  • Mastishka Vikara – Diseases / Disorders of the Brain and Spinal Cord / Atrophy of Cranial Nerves
  • Apasmara – Epilepsy, Memory Disorders
  • Yoshapasmara – Hysteria
  • Sandhigata Vata (Osteoarthritis)
  • Katishoola / Katigraha (Low back pain / Low back discomfort / Lumbago, Lumbar Spondylosis)
  • Vatarakta – Gout
  • Mamsagata Vata – Muscle pains / Myalgia
  • Snayugata Vata – Pain in tendons and ligaments
  • Asthigata Vata {Musculoskeletal disorders}
  • Gridhrasi – Sciatica
  • Bahyayama and Antarayama – Tetanus / Opisthotonus / Emprosthotonus / Pleurothotonus
  • Vataja Timira – Blindness or blurring of vision caused by Vata vitiation
  • Karnashoola – Ear Pain
  • Shirashoola / Shira Shoola / Shira shula – Headache
  • Suryavarta – Migraine
  • Gulma – Abdominal tumours
  • Shoola – Colic / Spasmodic Dyspepsia
  • Yoni Roga – Vaginal and Uterine Diseases, Vaginal Pain
  • Vandhyatva – Sterility
  • Supti – Local anaesthesia / Numbness
  • Phakka Roga – Rickets
  • Urashoola – Chest Pain / Pleural pain
  • Hridroga / Hrudroga – Heart Diseases
  • Badhirya – Deafness / Impairment of hearing
  • Gandha Nasha – Impairment of sense of smell
  • Artava Roga – Disorders of Menstruation

Disclaimer:

  • These blogs are written for informative purpose and not for self prescription
  • Intake of any medicine without prescription of a qualified Ayurveda doctor is dangerous
  • A thorough examination of the disease and the diseased by a qualified Ayurvedadoctor followed by diagnosis and prescription is mandatory
  • Dietetic & Lifestyle advices, co-prescriptions, treatments etc may be essential and may prescribed by your doctor
  • Ayurveda medicines are time tested and are not universal (all medicines do not suit everyone)

Pictures courtesy (with thanks):

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/don-c-reed/pain-price-and-a-prescription-for-cure_b_3240148.html?ir=India&adsSiteOverride=in

http://www.humanillnesses.com/original/Pan-Pre/Paralysis.html

http://www.uwhealth.org/physical-therapy-occupational-therapy-speech-therapy/facial-retraining/11376

http://www.epainassist.com/headache/migraine-headache-or-neurovascular-headache

http://www.solanospine.com/joint-pain

http://www.bestdoctorsblog.com/es/se-puede-predecir-el-lumbago/

http://www.curefibroids.space/2015/09/02/uterus-pain-and-bleeding/

Dr Raghuram Y.S.

MD (Ay), Ayurvedic Rheumatology

Consultant Ayurvedic Physician

Speciality: Joint and Spine care

Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Ph: +91-9480071422

Email: drraghuramys@gmail.com

 

Vidangadi Churnam – Herbal medicine to prevent Obesity, Excess Fat, Diabetes, Urinary Disorders and their complications

Vidangadi Churnam is a simple yet an effective prophylaxis herbal medicine used in preventing the onset or controlling the progression of Sthoulya (Obesity), Medovriddhi (Excess Fat) Prameha / Madhumeha (Urinary Disorders / Diabetes Mellitus) and other metabolic disorders. It is also used for the effective treatment of the above mentioned disorders. It is used only with the guidance and supervision of an Ayurvedic doctor.

Vidangadi Churnam / Vidangadi Choornam:

Ref: Ashtangahridayam

Composition of Vidangadi Churnam / Vidangadi Choornam:

  • Vidanga – Embelia ribes
  • Nagara / Shunti / Shunthi – Zingiber officinale
  • Kshara – Alkali
  • Kalaloharaja – Ash or calcined preparation of Iron
  • Yava – Hordeum vulgare (Barley)]
  • Amalaki – Emblica officinalis (Indian gooseberry)

Available form:

  • Churnam / Choornam – Herbal fine powder

Use:

  • Internal Application

Dose:

  • 5 to 10 grams or as directed by the physician

With……..

  • Honey or warm water

Indications:

Vidangadi Churnam / Vidangadi Choornam: It is used to prevent the onset of the below said diseases and disorders, to halt the progression and cure of the same.

  • Sthoulya – Obesity
  • Medo Vriddi / Medovriddhi – Excess fat, Metabolic errors of fat / lipid metabolism
  • Apachi / Apachee – Lymphadenitis
  • Prameha / Madhumeha – Urinary Disorders / Diabetes Mellitus and its complications

Disclaimer:

  • These blogs are written for informative purpose and not for self prescription
  • Application / Intake of any medicine without prescription of a qualified Ayurveda doctor is dangerous
  • A thorough examination of the disease and the diseased by a qualified Ayurvedadoctor followed by diagnosis and prescription is mandatory
  • Dietetic & Lifestyle advices, co-prescriptions, treatments etc may be essential and may prescribed by your doctor
  • Ayurveda medicines are time tested and are not universal (all medicines do not suit everyone)

Pictures courtesy (with thanks):

http://www.keralaayurveda.biz/content/why-ayurveda-considers-obesity-be-more-dangerous-weight-loss

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/obesity-indicators-c-reactive-protein-research-jodi-smith

Overweight and Obesity Rates Increase in U.S.

Study Expects 113 Million Obese Americans by 2022

Dr Raghuram Y.S.

MD(Ay), Ayurvedic Rheumatology

Consultant Ayurvedic Physician

Speciality: Joint and Spine care

Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Ph: +91-9480071422

Email: drraghuramys@gmail.com

 

Dashamoolam Kashayam {Dashamulam Kashayam} – Useful herbal remedy for Asthma, Cough, Low Back Pain, Sciatica

Dashamoolam Kashayam or Dashamulam Kashayam as it is known is a herbal decoction prepared using the roots of 10 drugs. Dasha means ten and Moola (Mula) means roots. Thus Dashmoola (Dashamula) means 10 roots.

Dashamoola herbs are known for their anti-inflammatory, diuretic, metabolism-regulating properties. They are made up of Brihat Panchamoola (Brihat Panchamula) or 5 greater roots and Laghu Panchamoola (Laghu Panchamula) or 5 lesser roots. These when put together are called Dashamoola.

Reference – Bhaishajya Ratnavali

Ingredients –

Dashamoola:

  • Bilwa – Aegle marmelos
  • Agnimantha – Clerodendrum phlomidis / Premna mucronata (obtusifolia)
  • Shyonaka – Oroxylum indicum
  • Patala – Stereospermum suaveolens
  • Gambhari – Gmelina arborea
  • Shalaparni – Desmodium gangeticum
  • Prishniparni – Uraria picta
  • Brihati – Solanum indicum
  • Kantakari – Solanum surattense / Solanum xanthocarpum
  • Gokshura – Tribulus terrestris

Brihat Panchamoola – Roots of the drugs (5) from Bilwa to Gambhari

Laghu Panchamoola – Roots of the drugs (5) from Shalaparni to Gokshura

Method of Preparation:

  • All the 10 drugs are taken in equal quantity (measured after pounding)
  • 1 part of the coarse powder of all the above said drugs mixed together is added with 16 times measure of water.
  • The contents are boiled until ¼ of it remains
  • The contents are filtered and used fresh

The Kashayam is also available in the market under the same name.

Available form:

  • Kashayam or Kwatham (Herbal decoction)

Other popular names:

  • Dashamoola Kashayam / Dashamoola Kwatham
  • Dashamula Kashayam / Dashamula Kwatham
  • Dasamula Kashayam / Dasamula Kwatham
  • Dasamoolam Kashayam / Dasamulam Kashayam

Dose:

  • Fresh Kashayam – 45-50ml
  • Prepared Kashayam – 10-15 ml mixed with 30-45 ml of warm water or as prescribed by the physician
  • In either case, the Kashayam can be taken 2-3 times in a day depending on the strength of the patient and condition of the disease and diseased as determined by a qualified Ayurvedic Doctor.

Indications:

  • Kasa – Cough
  • Shwasa / Tamaka Shwasa – Dyspnoea, Bronchitis, Asthma
  • Shotha / Shvayathu – Swelling, Inflammation
  • Vata Roga – Diseases caused due to Morbid Vata, Nervous problems
  • Kapha Roga – Diseases caused due to Morbid Kapha
  • Vata-Kapha Roga – Diseases caused due to morbid combination of Vata and Kapha
  • Kati Shoola – Low Back Pain, Lumbago
  • Kati Graha – Stiffness of Low Back
  • Gridhrasi – Sciatica

Disclaimer:

  • These blogs are written for informative purpose and not for self prescription
  • Intake of any medicine without prescription of a qualified Ayurveda doctor is dangerous
  • A thorough examination of the disease and the diseased by a qualified Ayurvedadoctor followed by diagnosis and prescription is mandatory
  • Dietetic & Lifestyle advices, co-prescriptions, treatments etc may be essential and may prescribed by your doctor
  • Ayurveda medicines are time tested and are not universal (all medicines do not suit everyone)

Pictures courtesy (with thanks):

http://www.webmd.com/asthma/ss/slideshow-asthma-overview

http://www.webmd.com/back-pain/

Dr Raghuram Y.S.

MD(Ay), Ayurvedic Rheumatology

Consultant Ayurvedic Physician

Speciality: Joint and Spine care

Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Ph: +91-9480071422

Email: drraghuramys@gmail.com

 

 

Gandharvahastadi Eranda Tailam – Excellent herbal laxative in Osteoarthritis, Rheumatism, Rheumatoid Arthritis

Gandharvahastadi Eranda Tailam is a highly effective and safe herbal laxative extensively used in Ayurvedic rheumatology. It is preferred as a regular laxative to remove endo-toxins and also help in metabolism in rheumatism and musculoskeletal and neuromuscular disorders. It relieves constipation and controls Vayu. It also acts as an analgesic in Rheumatoid Arthritis (Amavata), Osteo-arthritis (Sandhigata vata), Musculo-skeletal pain & soft tissue pains (Mamsagata vata, Asthigata Vata, Snayugata Vata and Medogata vata).

Gandharvahastadi Eranda Tailam:

Ref: Sahasrayogam

Ingredients:

  • Eranda Taila – Castor oil (Ricinus communis)
  • Gandharvahasta – Ricinus communis
  • Chiruvilwa – Holoptelea integrifolia
  • Hutasa – Plumbago indica
  • Vishwa / Shunti – Zingiber officinale
  • Pathya / Haritaki – Terminalia chebula
  • Punarnava – Boerhavia diffusa
  • Yavasaka – Tragia involucrata
  • Bhunimba – Curculigo orchiodes

Available form:

  • Tailam – Medicated oil

Dose:

  • 5-30ml or as directed by Ayurvedic Physician

Indications:

  • Amavata – Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Sandhigata Vata – Osteo-arthritis
  • Mamsagata Vata – Muscle pains / Myalgia  / Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD)
  • Snayugata Vata – Pain in tendons and ligaments
  • Malabaddhata – Constipation
  • Vata vikara’s – Diseases caused due to excess aggravation of Vata
  • Kati Shoola / Kati Graha – Low back pain, Lumbar Spondylosis, Lumbago
  • Gridhrasi – Sciatica

Disclaimer:

  • These blogs are written for informative purpose and not for self prescription
  • Intake of any medicine without prescription of a qualified Ayurveda doctor is dangerous
  • A thorough examination of the disease and the diseased by a qualified Ayurvedadoctor followed by diagnosis and prescription is mandatory
  • Dietetic & Lifestyle advices, co-prescriptions, treatments etc may be essential and may prescribed by your doctor
  • Ayurveda medicines are time tested and are not universal (all medicines do not suit everyone)

Pictures courtesy (with thanks): 

http://www.medicinenet.com/rheumatoid_arthritis/article.htm

Gene Therapy Could Prevent Arthritis

http://www.webmd.com/back-pain/

http://theheartysoul.com/sciatica-pain-relief/

Dr Raghuram Y.S.

MD (Ay), Ayurvedic Rheumatology

Consultant Ayurvedic Physician

Speciality: Joint and Spine care

Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Ph: +91-9480071422

Email: drraghuramys@gmail.com